File items

Manage regular files.

files = {
    "/path/to/file": {
        "mode": "0644",
        "owner": "root",
        "group": "root",
        "content_type": "mako",
        "encoding": "utf-8",
        "source": "my_template",

Attribute reference

See also: The list of generic builtin item attributes


May be used instead of source to provide file content without a template file.


How the file pointed to by source or the string given to content should be interpreted.

anyonly cares about file owner, group, and mode
base64content is decoded from base64
binaryfile is uploaded verbatim, no content processing occurs
jinja2content is interpreted by the Jinja2 template engine
makocontent is interpreted by the Mako template engine
text (default)like binary, but will be diffed in interactive mode


Only used with Mako and Jinja2 templates. The values of this dictionary will be available from within the template as variables named after the respective keys.


When set to True, the path of this file will be removed. It doesn't matter if there is not a file but a directory or something else at this path. When using delete, no other attributes are allowed.


Encoding of the target file. Note that this applies to the remote file only, your template is still conveniently written in UTF-8 and will be converted by BundleWrap. Defaults to "utf-8". Other possible values (e.g. "latin-1") can be found here.


Name of the group this file belongs to. Defaults to None (don't care about group).


File mode as returned by stat -c %a <file>. Defaults to None (don't care about mode).


Username of the file's owner. Defaults to None (don't care about owner).


File name of the file template. If this says my_template, BundleWrap will look in data/my_bundle/files/my_template and then bundles/my_bundle/files/my_template. Most of the time, you will want to put config templates into the latter directory. The data/ subdirectory is meant for files that are very specific to your infrastructure (e.g. DNS zone files). This separation allows you to write your bundles in a generic way so that they could be open-sourced and shared with other people. Defaults to the filename of this item (e.g. foo.conf when this item is /etc/foo.conf).

See also: Writing file templates


This can be used to run external validation commands on a file before it is applied to a node. The file is verified locally on the machine running BundleWrap. Verification is considered successful when the exit code of the verification command is 0. Use {} as a placeholder for the shell-quoted path to the temporary file. Here is an example for verifying sudoers files:

visudo -cf {}

Keep in mind that all team members will have to have the verification command installed on their machines.