BundleWrap has the following properties that are unique to it or at least not common among other solutions:
- server- and agent-less architecture
- item-level parallelism to speed up convergence of complex nodes
- interactive mode to review configuration as it it being applied
- Mako file templates
- verifies that each action taken actually fixed the item in question
- verify mode to assess the state of your configuration without mutating it
- useful and actionable error messages
- can apply actions (and other items) prior to fixing an item (and only then)
- built-in visualization of node configuration
- nice Python API
- designed to be mastered quickly and easily remembered
- for better or worse: no commercial agenda/support
- no support for non-Linux target nodes (BundleWrap itself can be run from Mac OS as well)
Ansible is very similar to BundleWrap in how it communicates with nodes. Both systems do not use server or agent processes, but SSH. Ansible can optionally use OpenSSH instead of a Python SSH implementation to speed up performance. On the other hand, BundleWrap will always use the Python implementation, but with multiple connections to each node. This should give BundleWrap a performance advantage on very complex systems with many items, since each connection can work on a different item simultaneously.
To apply configuration, Ansible uploads pieces of code called modules to each node and runs them there. Many Ansible modules depend on the node having a Python 2.x interpreter installed. In some cases, third-party Python libraries are needed as well, increasing the footprint on the node. BundleWrap runs commands on the target node just as you would in an interactive SSH session. Most of the commands needed by BundleWrap are provided by coreutils and should be present on all standard Linux systems.
Ansible ships with loads of modules while BundleWrap will only give you the most needed primitives to work with. For example, we will not add an item type for remote downloads because you can easily build that yourself using an action with
Ansible's playbooks roughly correspond to BundleWrap's bundles, but are written in YAML using a special playbook language. BundleWrap uses Python for this purpose, so if you know some basic Python you only need to learn the schema of the dictionaries you're building. This also means that you will never run into a problem the playbook language cannot solve. Anything you can do in Python, you can do in BundleWrap.
While you can automate application deployments in BundleWrap, Ansible is much more capable in that regard as it combines config management and sophisticated deployment mechanisms (multi-stage, rolling updates).
File templates in Ansible are Jinja2, while BundleWrap offers both Mako and Jinja2.
Ansible, Inc. offers paid support for Ansible and an optional web-based addon called Ansible Tower. No such offerings are available for BundleWrap.
BCFG2's bundles obviously were an inspiration for BundleWrap. One important difference is that BundleWrap's bundles are usually completely isolated and self-contained within their directory while BCFG2 bundles may need resources (e.g. file templates) from elsewhere in the repository.
On a practical level BundleWrap prefers pure Python and Mako over the XML- and text-variants of Genshi used for bundle and file templating in BCFG2.
And of course BCFG2 has a very traditional client/server model while BundleWrap runs only on the operators computer.
Chef has basically two modes of operation: The most widely used one involves a server component and the
chef-client agent. The second option is
chef-solo, which will apply configuration from a local repository to the node the repository is located on. BundleWrap supports neither of these modes and always applies configuration over SSH.
Overall, Chef is harder to get into, but will scale to thousands of nodes.
The community around Chef is quite large and probably the largest of all config management systems. This means lots of community-maintained cookbooks to choose from. BundleWrap does have a plugin system to provide almost anything in a repository, but there aren't many plugins to choose from yet.
Chef is written in Ruby and uses the popular ERB template language. BundleWrap is heavily invested in Python and offers support for Mako and Jinja2 templates.
OpsCode offers paid support for Chef and SaaS hosting for the server component. AWS OpsWorks also integrates Chef cookbooks.